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Dissemination Tools for Shared Research

ITTECOP 2014 - 2017

ITTECOP 2012-2015

ITTECOP committees


ITTECOP (Land Transport Infrastructures, Ecosystems and Landscapes) is an incentive research programme led by the French Ministry for Ecology, sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE), with the support of the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME). Its main goal is to confront the technical challenges of LTI (Land Transport - road, rail, river and energy - Infrastructure), and their interfaces with local territories (train stations, ports, airports, etc.) while including issues related to landscape and ecosystems. This confrontation takes into account both spatial and temporal scales, local governance conditions and all the ecological and local heritage challenges. ITTECOP’s ambition is to bring together stakeholders from diverse backgrounds (humanities and social sciences as well as life science researchers, practitioners, civil society stakeholders, etc.) around these questions, on a perennial basis. They contribute to the emergence of novel thoughts which can form a basis for public decision-makers to evaluate the impacts of LTI, especially regarding landscape and biodiversity.

Created in 2008 as part of the first National Strategy for Biodiversity, and in close association with the Predit 4 (Land-Transport Research and Innovation Program), ITTECOP has continuously adapted to the evolving institutional context in France (French «Grenelle de l’environnement”, Grenelle laws, National Strategy for Biodiversity, Green and Blue Belt strategies, etc.), thus creating a true dynamic of involvement in favor of biodiversity and landscape preservation.

Its aims

  • To deal with the full spectrum of linear infrastructures: research projects have all types of infrastructure as their objects (waterway, rail, road or energy).
  • To support public policies: the programme seeks to produce and transfer scientifically innovative knowledge (methods, tools, new ways of thinking) to practitioners and other stakeholders.
  • To establish a crossroads of scientific and technical knowledge : the programme seeks to confront scientific knowledge produced by researchers with specific needs of on-the-field stakeholders.
  • To take into account landscape, ecosystem and socio-economic challenges : the programme seeks to understand how LTIs modify landscapes and ecosystems and how these modifications can transform societies in time and space. In this perspective, many different fields produce interdisciplinary contributions relating to life sciences, humanities and social sciences, and engineering sciences.

ITTECOP Research Focuses

Since its creation in 2008, ITTECOP has financed over 30 research projects and has backed 20 projects resulting from call for operational proposals (Restoration of ecological continuities on existing transport infrastructures and Experimentation of compensatory measures). Centered on the relationships between landscapes, ecosystems and infrastructures, these projects have several research focuses, among which:

Territories and projects

How are new landscape-related constraints and new challenges in local administrations integrated in territorial projects? What are the consequences of technical and economical choices made in specific physical, political and societal conditions? How and why should stakeholders be involved in the definition of a territorial project?

Ecosystems and landscapes

What are the interactions and retroactions at play between infrastructures and human and natural habitats? What conditions are necessary for viable interactions between LTIs, landscapes and ecosystems? How can infrastructure contribute to ecological connectivities that are at the heart of green and blue belt frameworks)?

Prospective and innovation

How can prospective analysis help to integrate infrastructures in its local context and to evaluate their degree of reversibility? What are the prospects for LTIs in an evolving ecological, social and political context? How can LTIs be adapted to strengthening ecological constraints?

Dissemination Tools for Shared Research

In addition to supporting researchers at an international level through Horizon 2020 or the IENE, and supporting young researchers in collaboration with the IDRRIM, ITTECOP also seeks to develop several tools to foster the dessemination of funded or associated projects, thus ensuring the largest possible transfer of scientific knowledge to both public policy stakeholders and practitioners.

ITTECOP’s website:

Regularly updated to keep up with the evolution of the programme and projects, the website is the privileged place for information-sharing and exchanges: between research teams, members of the Scientifc Board or Steeering Committee, and for anyone interested in the programme. Final reports and summaries of research projects are available for download.

The Webdocumentary:

Didactic and interactive, it proposes to discover the projects and the programme through thematic or territorial focuses, thanks to videos, interviews and simplified access to launched actions.

The Newsletter

With over 900 individual subscribers and counting, the ITTECOP newsletter is released twice a year and is available on the ITTECOP website dedicated to the programme. It reviews highlights and forthcoming events. Any news related to topics of the programme is welcome and can be relayed through the newsletter (events, PhD thesis defenses, publications, etc.).

ITTECOP 2014 - 2017: Linear transport infrastructure, biodiversity and landscape : an original partnership

The 2014 ITTECOP (Land transport infrastructure, ecosystems and landscapes) call for research project proposals was initiated thanks to the alliance of the Linear Infrastructure and Biodiversity

Club (CILB), the French Ministry of Ecology (MEDDE) and the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB). It is an opportunity to reaffirm the importance of coordinating research and action in relation to linear transport infrastructure of people, goods and energy (also called LTI), with biodiversity (ecosystem dynamics, synergies between LTI of different types, etc). This shared commitment aims to make research available as a technical and critical tool for public policies and project developers (improvement and transfer of knowledge to operational stakeholders, developers and decision-makers).

7 research projects selected from the CRPs in 2014

Between grey and blue belts: the reciprocal impact of linear land transport infrastructure and river corridors on the structure and dynamics of plant biodiversity
UMR 5245 ECOLAB, CNRS, Université Toulouse III

An analysis of renaturation processes in dense urban areas in connection with urban linear transport infrastructure: the example of the Métropole du Grand Paris
UMR – LGP 8591 Laboratoire de Géographie Physique

Multiple linear land transport infrastructures and ecological functional relationships

Using verges in land transport infrastructure to preserve and spread wild pollinators

Compensation and linear infrastructure: strategies and scenarios for action
Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Centre d’écologie et des Sciences de la Conservation (UMR 7204)

Incorporating ecology and biodiversity into public decision-making on transport infrastructure

The dynamics and management of Japanese knotweed from a landscape perspective: impacts and observations
Irstea Grenoble - EMGR

7 exploratory research projects selected from the CRPs in 2014

Using necrophagous arthropods as indicators of animal mortality connected with linear transport infrastructure
Université Lille 2 – Unité de taphonomie médico-légale

Cultivated road-field interfaces: does the adaptive management of roadside verges create self-propagation problems in cultivated fields?

Combining landscaping practices and ecological knowledge to implement a regional biodiversity project: the example of areas covered by linear transport infrastructure and their expansion
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de la Nature et du Paysage (ENSNP)

The population dynamics of fauna in areas bordering linear land transport infrastructure
Cerema DTer SO

Can evaluating the ecosystem services of green verges in linear transport infrastructure help when developing biodiversity measures that are adapted to project managers’ budget constraints and social uses?
Egis Structures et Environnement

Correcting disruptions to water flows supplying wet zones: current knowledge and practices

Managing heavy runoff around a rail network to help create wet zones with ecological potential

ITTECOP 2012-2015: Research programme prioritiesLand-transport infrastructure, landscapes, biodiversity and territorial projects

A multi-disciplinary research programme supporting public policy

ITTECOP is a research programme run by the French Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy (MEDDE) in coordination with the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME). Its main aim is to explore technical infrastructure issues (affecting river, rail and road transport, as well as regional interfaces such as train stations, ports and airports) with respect to landscapes in the regions concerned. This may include spatial and temporal dimensions, regional governance issues or ecological factors. ITTECOP hopes to help develop a lasting research community that evaluates the impacts of land-transport infrastructure (LTI) and anticipates public decision-making needs in the fields of infrastructure, landscapes and biodiversity.

The 2012-2015 prorgramme builds on experience gained through projects launched since 2008-2009. It also takes into account changes to the institutional context (such as the Grenelle environmental forum, the French biodiversity strategy and the development of green and blue trames or belts). ITTECOP is also connected to two of MEDDE’s other operational programmes:

  • 1) Restoring ecological continuity in existing transport infrastructure run by the Directorate for Water and Biodiversity (11 projects financed in 2012),

  • 2) The call for proposals for experimental operations compensating damage to biodiversity run by the economic evaluation service (4 projects selected in 2012).

A programme essential for decision-making

A new call for proposals was launched in 2012 under the direction of Bruno Villalba, chairman of the scientific board and political scientist in environmental issues at Sciences Po Lille. ITTECOP’s main focuses were reinforced: encouraging interdisciplinarity (from the theoretical and scientific facilitation points of view), basing research on real projects (in coordination with LTI operators), developing public decision-making tools, taking into account landscapes’ different dimensions, sharing knowledge with decision-making networks and taking a prospective approach to global environmental issues. Priority was given to two areas of research:

  • The first questions the relationship between regions, landscapes and projects. LTI are part of areas that have their own identity (from the historical, landscape and ecological points of view). How do local actors develop regional project(s) that integrate and create new perspectives for infrastructure?

  • The second concerns LTI and landscape dynamics: interactions between ecological and socio-economic systems. How are new constraints related to LTI creation affecting landscapes (such as biodiversity management and ecosystem functioning) and territorial administration (including compensation measures and ecological continuity) managed?

7 research projects selected from the CRPs in 2012

The seven projects financed explore the idea that new infrastructure has an impact on a region’s future, and therefore should be part of a regional project that deals with interactions between human and natural environments. Infrastructural impacts must be analysed on different regional scales (which can be very large, depending on the issues) and considered from an ecological (with respect to ecosystems, species, etc.), social (the different kinds of actors), economic (the different activities affected by infrastructure) and heritage points of view. 

Multimodal transport and service centres : Delta 3 - Dourges, canal Seine-Nord Europe, Eterpigny-Barleuxhe
Fabrice Raffin, UPJV Université de Picardie Amiens
Other partners:Laboratoire EDYSAN (Ecologie et Dynamique des Systèmes ANthropisés), UPJV; SEA Europe (Sociologues et Ethnologues Associés), Paris; Passeurs (Paysagistes DPLG associés), Bordeaux.
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

Those left behind as a result of the Huveaune Valley crossings: species dispersal, vernacular practices and the mediation of landscapes
Frédéric Poussin, LAREP / Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Paysage de Versailles
Other partners: CRESSON Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture de Grenoble, LPED UMR IRD/Université Aix Marseille
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

The ecological and social future of zones – wastelands, housing and cultivated areas – surrounding the Grand Stade de Lille Métropole. An analysis of planned LTI, urban operations and alternative solutions 
Alain Lepretre, Université Lille 1 Sciences & Technologies - LGCgE Lille Nord de France – EA4515 - Ecologie Numérique et Ecotoxicologie and Bénédicte Lefebvre, MESHS, USR 3185
Other partners: CLERSE ; LAVUE, Architecture Urbanisme et Sociétés (AUS); CETE Nord-Picardie
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

Using landscape graphs to evaluate and mitigate the impacts of major transport infrastructure on species
Jean-Christophe Foltête, ThéMA UMR 6049
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

LTI and landscape modelling as part of an ongoing appraisal of regional impacts 
Eric Barbe, Irstea UMR Tetis. 
Other partners:Région Languedoc Roussillon; DREAL Languedoc Roussillon; Conservatoire des Espaces Naturels Languedoc Roussillon; Cogard; Chambre d'Agriculture du Gard; INEXIA; RFF; Agence d’urbanisme de Nîmes Métropole
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

Evaluating the effects of combined LTI on how the region functions and is viewed
Michel Deshaies, Université de Nancy 2, geography department
Other partners: LAE UMR 1121; TRIANGLE UMR CNRS 5206; CETE de l’Est; CETE de Lyon; CETE Méditerranée
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

Nature on the side of the road – 2
Grégoire Chelkoff and Magali Paris CRESSON, École Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Grenoble
Other partners: CETE Ile-de-France; CETE Nord-Picardie; UMR Environnement et Grandes Cultures (EGC) de Agroparistech; SETRA; CERTU; foreign research teams: Permacouture Institute (San Francisco-California-United States) and the Atelier de Arquitectura (Lisbon-Portugal)
Download the project presentation in English (april 2014)

7 research projects selected from the CRPs in 2008 and 2009

Landscape graphs and assessment of the impact of the high-speed Rhine-Rhone railway line on the spatial connectivity of habitats : consequences on species distributions.
Contact: jean-christophe.foltete[at]

What   will   become   of   the   local   railway-transport infrastructure ? Study and perspective on the local railway operator of the Centre region. Contact: guillaume.vera-navas[at] (abstract)

Railway   and   road   land-transport infrastructure and changes induced in the landscapes, ecosystems  and  society :  Analysis  and  proposal  for methods and operational instruments.
Contact: sylvie.vanpeene[at]

Road   infrastructures,   landscapes   and   ecosystems : Methodological  research  based  on  road  projects  in progress on Cergy-Pontoise civil parish territory: the case of the roads projected in the Cergy-Pontoise area. Join for an  update  and  innovative  project  the  provision  of knowledge, social demand from stake-holders, impacts assessment and the search for sustainable urban planning logical integration of the knowledge, social expectations, impact assessment and thinking on a sustainable project.
Contact: wthales[at]

Nature on the side of the road : The case of community gardens in the greater Grenoble area. Contact: gregoire.chelkoff[at] and parismagali[at] (abstract)

Environmental  well-being,  quality  of  life  and  land-sensitive relationships. Improving landscape integration and understanding the living environment to improve the social approval of large land-transport infrastructure.
Contact: guillaume.faburel[at]

Developing  a  model  to  diagnose  interactions  amongst landscape  structure,  land-transport  infrastructure  and emblematic species: Case of the lynx in the Jura Mountains.
Contact: gaillard[at]biomserv.univ-lyon1.f

En marge …
The theme considered in the project below, financed by the PIRVE (, places the project amongst ITTECOP follow-up    and    facilitation    actions.    Landscape    and biodiversity  of  those  neglected  by  the  Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai Eurometropolis infrastructure. Contact: denis.delbaere[at]

ITTECOP committees - The Programme Governance

Two complementary bodies contribute to the programme governance.

The Steering Committee defines the strategic orientations of the programme by expressing the needs of operational managers. It sets research priorities and contributes to the implementation of facilitation and dissemination activities. Chaired by Philipe COURTIER, head of research at the MEDDE Research and Innovation Department, the Steering Committee includes representatives of the MEDDE, and of public and private structures:

• MEDDE – French Ministry for Ecology, sustainable Development and Energy

• ADEME - French Environment and Energy Management Agency

• FRB – Foundation for Research on Biodiversity

• CEREMA – Expertise Center for Risks, the Environment, Mobility and Spatial Planning

• SNCF Réseau

• VNF – Voies Navigables de France

• RTE - Réseau de transports d’électricité

• ASFA – Association of the French Motorway operators

• CDC Biodiversité - Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations biodiversité

• SETEC – Engineering firm

• GRTgaz, gestionnaire réseaux transports de gaz


• TIGF, Transport et infrastructures Gaz France

• Eiffage


• Chairman of the Scientific Board of the Programme

The Scientific Board guarantees the scientific quality of the program. It sets the programme’s scientific orientations, prepares the call for research proposals, assesses the proposals and research reports and launches programme facilitation and dissemination activities. Chaired by Bruno VILLALBA, political scientist of the environment at AgroParisTech, the Scientific Board includes multidisciplinary scientific figures:

  • Bonin Sophie, Ecole nationale supérieure du paysage Versailles
  • Clauzel Céline, Université Paris Diderot
  • Clergeau Philippe, Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle
  • Davasse Bernard, UMR 5319 Passages CNRS/Ensap de Bordeaux
  • Delbaere Denis, ENSAP Lille
  • Gastineau Pascal, IFSTTAR
  • Hay Julien, Université de Bretagne Occidentale
  • Le Lay Yves, ENS Lyon
  • Lucas Marthe, IUT Avignon
  • Pedroli Bas, Wageningen - Pays Bas
  • Raymond Richard, Ladyss - CNRS
  • Reinert Marie-Eve, Institut EIFER - Karlsruhe
  • Rosell Pagès Carme, Minuartia - Catalogne
  • Tabacchi Eric, Toulouse 3
  • Trocmé Marguerite, Office fédéral suisse des routes
  • Van Peene Sylvie, IRSTEA
  • Villalba Bruno, AgroParisTech

ITTECOP in the networks

CILB: the Club of Linear Infrastructures and Biodiversity is an informal association seeking to deepen the common involvement of independent businesses for biodiversity.

FRB: the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity brings together over 110 structures, non-profit structures, businesses, practitioners or local authorities, around the common objective of promoting research and innovation.

IDRRIM: the Institute of Roads, Streets and Infrastructures for Mobility brings together all the public and private stakeholders involved with mobility infrastructures and urban areas.

IENE: Infra Eco Network Europe is an European network of experts and institutions involved in the study of phenomena linked to the fragmentation of natural habitats caused by the development of large transport infrastructure networks.

PREDIT: Programme of Research, Experimentation and Innovation in Land Transport is led by the Ministries in charge of sustainable development, research and industry, the ADEME, the ANR (National Research Agency) and BPIFrance (French Public Investment Bank).


French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy • General Commission for Sustainable Development • Directorate of Research and Innovation • Research Service

• Programme manager at the MEDDE

Yannick Autret [CGDD] • yannick.autret[at]
Tour Voltaire 92055 La Défense cedex • +33 1 40 81 33 20

• Programme manager at the ADEME

Pierre Taillant [ADEME] • pierre.taillant[at] • +33 4 93 95 79 98

• Chairman of the research programme’s scientific board

Bruno Villalba [AgroParisTech] • bruno.villalba[at]

• Scientific facilitation of the programme

Charlène Pagès [Biotope] Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
Judith Raoul-Duval
[zogma] • judithrd[at]