- Environmental Assessment Governance: Air, Landscapes, Ecosystems
PÉGASE. Environmental Assessment Governance: Air, Landscapes, Ecosystems
Two European directives (transposed in France in 2005 for plans and programs and in 2009 for projects) require States to set up an Environmental Authority (EA) responsible for assessing, from an environmental point of view, planning and development projects likely to affect public health, as well as the natural environment and the species that inhabit it. In addition, the development of the "Green and Blue Belt" policy, as well as the law for the reconquest of biodiversity, nature and landscapes have modified the institutional context in which transport infrastructure projects are carried out.
How does the establishment of the Ae contribute to strengthening the consideration of environmental issues (biodiversity, landscape, air) in projects, plans and programs? The aim of this research project is to fill a gap in the evaluation of the impacts of reforms undertaken over the last ten years on the institutional landscape of transport-environment policies and their integration.
To do this, we propose a resolutely interdisciplinary approach and an approach that mobilizes the actors of these transformations, which will notably allow us to define and test a methodology for evaluating the consideration of biodiversity in projects.
The aim is therefore to analyze the effects of the recomposition of the institutional landscape on the consideration of environmental issues in the design and implementation of equipment and infrastructure development projects as well as plans/programs, by documenting the effects of the establishment of the Environmental Authority in the configuration resulting from the 2016 reform.
The research is organized in 2 parts:
- Component 1: Does organizational design play into the effects of the establishment of the EA? Comparative approach
Component 2: The EA as an institution in the process of consolidation: issues of legitimacy and credibility in the French context
Process of opinion making and opinion content; issues in terms of biodiversity, landscape and air quality
Dissemination, reception and effects/uses of opinions