ITTECOP (Land Transport Infrastructures, Ecosystems and Landscapes) is an incentive research programme led by the French Ministry for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition (MTES), with the support of the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME). Its main goal is to confront the technical challenges of LTI (Land Transport - road, rail, river and energy - Infrastructure), and their interfaces with local territories (train stations, ports, airports, etc.) while including issues related to landscape and ecosystems.
This confrontation takes into account both spatial and temporal scales, local governance conditions and all the ecological and local heritage challenges. ITTECOP’s ambition is to bring together stakeholders from diverse backgrounds (humanities and social sciences as well as life science researchers, practitioners, civil society stakeholders, etc.) around these questions, on a perennial basis. They contribute to the emergence of novel thoughts which can form a basis for public decision-makers to evaluate the impacts of LTI, especially regarding landscape and biodiversity.
Created in 2008 as part of the first National Strategy for Biodiversity, and in close association with the Predit 4 (Land-Transport Research and Innovation Program), ITTECOP has continuously adapted to the evolving institutional context in France (French «Grenelle de l’environnement”, Grenelle laws, National Strategy for Biodiversity, Green and Blue Belt strategies, etc.), thus creating a true dynamic of involvement in favor of biodiversity and landscape preservation.
To deal with the full spectrum of linear infrastructures: research projects have all types of infrastructure as their objects (waterway, rail, road or energy).
To support public policies: the programme seeks to produce and transfer scientifically innovative knowledge (methods, tools, new ways of thinking) to practitioners and other stakeholders.
To establish a crossroads of scientific and technical knowledge : the programme seeks to confront scientific knowledge produced by researchers with specific needs of on-the-field stakeholders.
To take into account landscape, ecosystem and socio-economic challenges : the programme seeks to understand how LTIs modify landscapes and ecosystems and how these modifications can transform societies in time and space. In this perspective, many different fields produce interdisciplinary contributions relating to life sciences, humanities and social sciences, and engineering sciences.
ITTECOP Research Focuses
Since its creation in 2008, ITTECOP has financed over 30 research projects and has backed 20 projects resulting from call for operational proposals (Restoration of ecological continuities on existing transport infrastructures and Experimentation of compensatory measures). Centered on the relationships between landscapes, ecosystems and infrastructures, these projects have several research focuses, among which:
Territories and projects
How are new landscape-related constraints and new challenges in local administrations integrated in territorial projects? What are the consequences of technical and economical choices made in specific physical, political and societal conditions? How and why should stakeholders be involved in the definition of a territorial project?
Ecosystems and landscapes
What are the interactions and retroactions at play between infrastructures and human and natural habitats? What conditions are necessary for viable interactions between LTIs, landscapes and ecosystems? How can infrastructure contribute to ecological connectivities that are at the heart of green and blue belt frameworks)?
Prospective and innovation
How can prospective analysis help to integrate infrastructures in its local context and to evaluate their degree of reversibility? What are the prospects for LTIs in an evolving ecological, social and political context? How can LTIs be adapted to strengthening ecological constraints?
Dissemination Tools for Shared Research
In addition to supporting researchers at an international level through Horizon 2020 or the IENE, and supporting young researchers in collaboration with the IDRRIM, ITTECOP also seeks to develop several tools to foster the dessemination of funded or associated projects, thus ensuring the largest possible transfer of scientific knowledge to both public policy stakeholders and practitioners.
Regularly updated to keep up with the evolution of the programme and projects, the website is the privileged place for information-sharing and exchanges: between research teams, members of the Scientifc Board or Steeering Committee, and for anyone interested in the programme. Final reports and summaries of research projects are available for download.
Didactic and interactive, it proposes to discover the projects and the programme through thematic or territorial focuses, thanks to videos, interviews and simplified access to launched actions.
With over 1500 individual subscribers and counting, the ITTECOP newsletter is released twice a year and is available on the ITTECOP website dedicated to the programme. It reviews highlights and forthcoming events. Any news related to topics of the programme is welcome and can be relayed through the newsletter (events, PhD thesis defenses, publications, etc.).
ITTECOP in the networks
CILB: the Club of Linear Infrastructures and Biodiversity is an informal association seeking to deepen the common involvement of independent businesses for biodiversity.
FRB: the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity brings together over 110 structures, non-profit structures, businesses, practitioners or local authorities, around the common objective of promoting research and innovation. fondationbiodiversite.fr
IDRRIM: the Institute of Roads, Streets and Infrastructures for Mobility brings together all the public and private stakeholders involved with mobility infrastructures and urban areas. idrrim.com
IENE: Infra Eco Network Europe is an European network of experts and institutions involved in the study of phenomena linked to the fragmentation of natural habitats caused by the development of large transport infrastructure networks. iene.info