- How to link landscape practices and knowledge in ecology to the project of territory and biodiversity? the example of ILT footprints and their expansions
How to link landscape practices and knowledge in ecology to the project of territory and biodiversity? the example of ILT footprints and their expansions
The need to take into account environmental and ecological issues in land use planning is highlighted in several political and legal texts. However, the declination of biodiversity conservation objectives at the local level is still very sketchy. The only ecological approach would obscure the relationship to uses and environments that is the responsibility of the landscape. In this study, we analyze the relationship between landscape designers and ecologists and make various proposals to improve the consideration of ecological issues and knowledge in development projects.
First of all, it is necessary to decompartmentalize the culture of landscapers and that of ecologists and dialogue between the formations. Knowledge from research should also be synthesized and made more affordable for practitioners. Landscapers and ecologists should be better recognized by the contracting authority and better integrated into community planning services.
In order to create multifunctional landscapes, it is essential to cross different intuitive, sensitive and scientific approaches and different tools throughout the project process.
Finally, in order to capitalize on the knowledge developed during projects and to make feedback on experience, phases of experimentation, monitoring and evaluation of objectives could be developed during an adaptive design process.